Büyük Ülkü: Anadolu’dan Turan’a
Starting from the second half of the 19th century and continuing into the 20th century, focusing on the intellectual movements and the theoretical proposals of intellectuals with different thoughts to protect the integrity of the state offers us a possibility for the construction of a new civilization. Ottomanism, Islamism, Turkism, Westernism, and Turanism movements, with their sources and historical backgrounds, have formed a large corpus with their aims based on "saving the state".
These five movements, which are a kind of "salvation ideologies", have provided invaluable information that can guide even today as a laboratory of political, cultural, and economic events. The currents of thought that paved the way for the search for identity in the period of the War of Independence and nourished it should be evaluated from political, literary, philosophical, and historical perspectives; they should serve as a source for a new understanding of intellectual conquest and be instrumental in establishing a unique theory of civilization. However, to accomplish this ambitious task, national intellectuals with national morals are necessary.
Productive and idealistic intellectuals who can think systematically, develop and disseminate national knowledge, raise the intellectual potential of the society, guide the thoughts of the youth, know the aspirations of the society, are aware of the national roots, are capable of establishing the future with their high intelligence and knowledge, and integrate their knowledge with virtues are the greatest chance of a country. It is extremely important for a healthy future to focus on the identity of intellectuals in Turkey and to work on how they should be.
This article aims to first dwell on the responsibility of the intellectual and then to try to understand the role of the intellectual in Anatolian intellectual movements. In addition, what ideals will be behind the Turkish geo-cultural and even geopolitics, what civilizational values will take place, taking into account the power of Turkish-Islamic culture, these questions will be tried to find answers.
National consciousness, individuality, philosophy of knowledge, Turkish Renaissance, contemplation,